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How to Create a File in the Linux/Unix system using terminal?

449 06/10/2021

How to use terminal to create file in Linux/Unix system?

Linux

Operating System

Open Source

In the Linux/Unix operating system there are two ways available to creating files.

Using the touch command

Using the cat command

Creating a File using touch command

The touch command is used to create file/files without any content and update the access date or modification date of a file or directory in the Linux system. This is the simplest way to create a file in Linux/Unix using a terminal.

Syntax

The general syntax of the touch command is as follow −

$ touch [option] ... FILE...

Brief description of option available in the touch command.

Sr.No.

Option & Description

1

-a

Change the access time of file

2

-c,--no-create

Check file is available or not if not then pervert to create a new file

3

-d, --date=STRING

Set time of file instead of current time

4

-f

Ignored

5

-m

Change the modification time of file

6

-r, --reference=FILE

Use another file time instead of current time

7

-t STAMP

Use specified time instead of current time

8

--help

Displays a help message and then exits.

9

--version

It gives info about the version and then exits.

Here, using the touch command we can create a file in the Linux system. Before executing touch command, we will check how many files are available in our current directory using the below command.

$ ls -l

After using below command a new file created newfile.txt in the current directory.

$ touch newfile.txt

To ensure that file is created or not we will again execute ls command to list the directory contents.

To change the access time of a file in the Linux system using -a option with touch command as shown in below.

$ touch -a newfile.txt

Creating a File using cat command

The cat (concatenate) command is used to create, view, concatenate files in the Linux operating system. The touch command is also used to create files in the Linux system without content whereas the cat creates files with some content. The cat command reads the content of a file and prompts it.

Syntax

The general syntax of the cat command is as follows −

$ cat [option]... FILE...

Brief description of option available in the cat command.

Sr.No.

Option & Description

1

-A, --show-all

Show all content of a file

2

-b, --number-nonblank

Display number of non-empty lines, overrides -n

3

-n, --number

Display number of all output lines.

4

-T, --show-tabs

Display tab separated Lines

5

--help

Displays a help message and then exits.

6

--version

It gives info about the version and then exits.

To create a file with some content, we use the cat command and file name after that write some content and press CTRL + C when writing is complete as shown in below.

$ cat >file.txtHey, write some contents here...^C

The cat command is also used to view the contents of the file. After using cat command along with file name contents of the file will be prompt as shown in below.

$ cat file.txtHey, here your contents...

Shilpa S

Published on 30-Jun-2021 14:36:28

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